计量法学、计算法学到认知法学的演进
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作者单位:

1.四川大学图书馆;2.四川大学计算机学院

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中图分类号:

TP39, D90

基金项目:

国家重点研发计划(2018YFC0830300)


Evolvement from Jurimetrics, computational law to cognitive law
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Affiliation:

1.Library of Sichuan University;2.College of Computer Science, Sichuan University

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    摘要:

    本文从技术发展和学科交叉的角度,讨论了人工智能技术等自然科学对计量法学、计算法学和认知法学研究的作用,首次提出了认知法学的理论和概念,分析了认知法学的内容、研究意义与学科分支,并梳理了计量法学、计算法学与认知法学的发展脉络。为减少法律系统中的主观性,给法律中的模糊表达提供客观参考,一般量化方法、计算智能和认知智能先后被应用于法律系统。然而,法律信息语义模糊且其解释具有开放性,各种隐性知识、过程知识、模糊知识等难以用计算机符号体系表达。认知智能重在提高智能系统对数据理解、知识表达、逻辑推理和自我学习能力,将更好地理解法学规则和分析法律行为。从计量法学、计算法学发展到认知法学是人工智能技术的发展的必然趋势,认知法学运用认知智能将提高智能系统对法学问题的理解和认知能力,增强智能裁判的可解释性。作为认知社会科学的一部分,认知法学将发展和完善传统法学理论,促进英美法系和大陆法系的深度融合,并有望成为法学研究的新交叉学科分支。

    Abstract:

    The paper discusses the impact of natural sciences such as artificial intelligence technology to Jurimetrics, computational law (or computational jurisprudence) and cognitive law (or cognitive jurisprudence) from the perspective of technological development and interdisciplinary. It first proposes the theory and definition of cognitive law, including its research scope, studying meanings and academic discipline, and teases out the relationships among Jurimetrics, computational law and cognitive law. To reduce the subjectivity and provide the objective reference for the vague expression in legal system, some quantitative methods, computational intelligence and cognitive intelligence are applied to legal system successively. However, legal information is open textured and semantic vagueness, and it is difficult to express all kinds of tacit knowledge, process knowledge and fuzzy knowledge by computer symbol system. Cognitive intelligence stresses to improve the ability of intelligent systems to understand data, express knowledge, reason logically and learn by themselves. Following the footsteps of technology, it will be the inevitable trend stepping from Jurimetrics and computational law to cognitive law. Cognitive law improves the understanding of legal rules and analysis of legal behavior, and enhances the interpretability of intelligent judgments by utilizing cognitive intelligence. As the sub-branch of cognitive social science, cognitive law will improve traditional legal theories, promote the deeply integration of the Common law system and the civil law system, and is expected to be a new interdisciplinary subject.

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引用本文格式: 张妮,蒲亦非. 计量法学、计算法学到认知法学的演进[J]. 四川大学学报: 自然科学版, 2021, 58: 020001.

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  • 收稿日期:2020-12-16
  • 最后修改日期:2020-12-27
  • 录用日期:2020-12-30
  • 在线发布日期: 2021-04-02
  • 出版日期: