氧化石墨烯-单壁碳纳米管复合物的超电容性能研究
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O646

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中央高校基本科研业务费专项资金(WK2070000019)


Study on the Supercapacitance Performance of Graphene Oxide-pristine SWNT composites
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    摘要:

    以氧化石墨烯(GO)作为表面活性剂分散原始的单壁碳纳米管(SWNT),采用超声、冷冻干燥的办法得到氧化石墨烯-单壁碳纳米管复合物,利用扫描电子显微镜(SEM)、透射电子显微镜(TEM)、X射线光电子能谱(XPS)和电化学测试对样品的形貌、结构、组成以及电化学性质进行表征。结果表明:氧化石墨烯-单壁碳纳米管复合物电化学性质得到了显著的提高,通过调节单壁碳管与GO的比例,发现SWNT质量为GO的10%时,得到的复合材料具有最好的超电容储能特性,在6 mol·L-1的KOH电解液中,0.5 A·g-1电流密度下其比电容可达155 F·g-1,是相同条件下GO比电容(81.5 F·g-1)的1.9倍,这种简单的方法获得的GO-SWNT复合材料在能量存储装置方面展现了广阔的应用前景。

    Abstract:

    Graphene Oxide-Pristine SWNT composites were fabricated using graphene oxide(GO) as a surfactant to directly disperse pristine SWNT, followed by a freeze-drying method of the sample. The morphology, structure, component and electrochemical property of the compounds were characterized by scanning electron microscopy, transmission electron microscopy, X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy and electrochemical measurements. The results showed that the electrochemical properties of the compounds were significantly improved due to the insertion of SWNTs into a GO matrix. Through changing the ratio between SWNTs and graphene oxide, the sample corresponding to a SWNT ratio of 10% showed the best supercapacitor property. At such a optimized mixing ratio, the specific capacitance of the nanocomposite was 155 F·g-1 at a current of 0.5A·g-1 in the KOH aqueous electrolyte of 6 mol·L-1 , which was 1.9-fold higher than that of pure graphene oxide (81.5F·g-1). These results clearly demonstrate that GO-SWNT composites prepared by our present simple method is very promising for next generation high-performance energy storage devices.

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引用本文格式: 程建宇. 氧化石墨烯-单壁碳纳米管复合物的超电容性能研究[J]. 四川大学学报: 自然科学版, 2017, 54: 156.

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  • 收稿日期:2016-03-07
  • 最后修改日期:2016-04-12
  • 录用日期:2016-04-14
  • 在线发布日期: 2017-01-09
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